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The Revolutionary Army              [1897 AD - 1945 AD]

Some nationalists, frustrated by the failure of political struggle, turned to revolutionary terrorism. They felt that the British must be physically expelled from India. They resorted to use violence against unpopular British officials, governors and viceroys. They started certain news papers like Sadhya and the Yugantar in Bengal and Kal, Maratha and Kesari in Maharashtra. They also established centres of activity abroad like Gadhar party in 1913 at U.S.A and Canada.

Inquilab Zindabad - Long live terrorism, became the heart beat of this group. This front worked side by side with the National Movement and played a very important role in the struggle for independence. The Chafekar brothers, Damodar and Balkrishna shot Rand in 22nd June 1897 in Pune. In 1907, Kudiram Ghosh and Prafulla Chakki became famous for their Alipur conspiracy. Madanlal Dhingra shot Colonel Willam Curzon in London. Madam Cama from France, Ajit Singh from Germany and Lala Hardayal from U.S.A. started their own crusade against the British Empire. Savarkar's Abhinav Bharat became inspiration to all the youths. Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were hung by the British for their patriotism.

Except for a couple of acts, the Revolutionary Army did not achieve much. It gradually petered out. In fact terrorism as a political weapon was bound to fail. But the army did make a valuable contribution to the growth of nationalism in India for their fearlessness, patriotism and self-sacrifice, which became a source of strength to the Indian people.